PRC Researchers Explored Parent Perception of Children’s Physical Activity and Screen Time During COVID-19 Stay-at-home Orders in Featured Study. (Links to an external site)

Objective: In this study, we explore parent perception of children’s physical activity and screen time during COVID-19 stay-at-home orders. Methods: We interviewed 16 parents of children ages 5-12 years in the St. Louis, Missouri region using snowball sampling. We sampled from rural, urban, and suburban areas. The interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using a priori and emergent codes. […]

Ross C. Brownson Presents Framework for Implementing Strategic Public Health Science (Links to an external site)

Dr. Brownson’s published work introduces implementing strategic public health science in a Push–Pull–Capacity Framework. This model posits that for science to affect practice, there must be a combination of the push (a basis in science and technology), the pull (a market demand from practitioners), and the capacity (the delivery ability of public health and health […]

Recent Study by PRC Researchers Provides Approaches for Ending Ineffective Programs in Public Health Agencies (Links to an external site)

Public health agencies are increasingly concerned with ensuring they are maximizing limited resources by delivering effective evidence-based programs to enhance population-level chronic disease outcomes. Despite the focus on use of effective interventions, ineffective programs too often continue at public health agencies.  This analysis provides insight into how experienced state health department practitioners recommend ending ineffective […]

Associations of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviors with Child Mental Well-being During the COVID-19 Pandemic (Links to an external site)

Abstract Background: The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in public health and policy measures to reduce in-person contact and the transmission of the virus. These measures impacted daily life and mental well-being (MWB). The aims of this study were to explore the MWB impacts of COVID-19 on children and assess the associations among perceived changes in physical activity […]

PRC Researchers, Rodrigo Reis and Deborah Salvo, Examine in Recent Publication What the Physical Activity Community Can Do for Climate Action and Planetary Health (Links to an external site)

This study found that physical activity promotion strategies need to be aligned with climate action commitments, incorporating the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change scenarios in physical activity action plans. The promotion strategies must consider equity a core value and promote physical activity to the most vulnerable populations so that they are protected from the ill-health […]

PRC Faculty, Diana C Parra, Recently Published a Paper on School Feeding Programs in Latin America and the Caribbean during the COVID-19 Pandemic (Links to an external site)

School feeding programs (SFPs) can play a crucial role in the emergency food and nutrition response, but there is a dearth of information on how SFPs operate during emergencies. The Results of this study showed that during the pandemic, all SFPs continued (although continuation plans varied from a few days in Chile to > 1 […]

Student Spotlight: Karina Marin

Hometown: Skokie, IL Undergraduate school and major/minor: Double major in Anthropology and Spanish Program at Brown: MSW Anticipated Graduation Date: May 2022 Three things you have with you at all times: Snacks, headphones, a book What are your hobbies or activities when you aren’t studying or working? I love reading books for fun! I’ve been […]

Staff Spotlight: Renee Parks

Renee enjoying the view of the ocean after a hike down to a black sand beach in Hawaii. Renee Parks got a first-hand glimpse of the importance of evidence-based public health practice just after graduate school, when she became the health educator for Missouri University of Science & Technology. “It was a really important position […]

Student Spotlight: Ebuwa Evbuoma-Fike

Hometown: Benin City & Apa, Nigeria Undergraduate school and major/minor: University of Lagos: Medicine & Surgery Program at Brown: MPH/MSP Anticipated Graduation Date: May 2022 Three things you have with you at all times: Phone, purse, glasses What are your hobbies or activities when you aren’t studying or working? I enjoy tinkering with recipes, watching […]

New study by PRC doctoral student provides overview of frameworks and models to reduce ineffective healthcare services and public health programs

Background: Reduction or elimination of inappropriate, ineffective, or potentially harmful healthcare services and public health programs can help to ensure limited resources are used effectively. Frameworks and models (FM) are valuable tools in conceptualizing and guiding the study of de-implementation. This scoping review sought to identify and characterize FM that can be used to study de-implementation […]

New study looks at how applying implementation science can improve care for familial hypercholesterolemia

Purpose of review: Improving care of individuals with familial hypercholesteremia (FH) is reliant on the synthesis of evidence-based guidelines and their subsequent implementation into clinical care. This review describes implementation strategies, defined as methods to improve translation of evidence into FH care, that have been mapped to strategies from the Expert Recommendations for Implementing Change (ERIC) […]

Staff Spotlight: Aine O’Connor

Hometown: St. Louis, MO Undergraduate school: Washington University in St. Louis Majors: Political Science and Philosophy-Neuroscience-Psychology Minor: History Graduate school: Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis Program: MPH (Graduated May 2021) Three things you have with you at all times: A good pen, a notebook or scrap of paper, and a hair tie. […]

Staff Spotlight: Rebekah Jacob

Got data? Rebekah Jacob is your go-to person at the PRC.Jacob is the PRC’s Data Manager, helping researchers to analyze data whenever needed. She’s worked in a variety of roles at the center and elsewhere since graduating from the Brown School in 2013 with a joint MSW/MPH degree: Project manager, evaluator, analyst. But whatever her […]

A systematic review of school health policy measurement tools: implementation determinants and outcomes (Links to an external site)

The purposes of this systematic review of quantitative measures of school policy implementation were to (1) identify quantitative school health policy measurement tools developed to measure implementation at the school, district, or state/provincial levels; (2) describe the policy implementation outcomes and determinants assessed and identify the trends in measurement; and (3) assess pragmatic and psychometric properties of identified implementation measures to understand their quality and suitability for broader application. Results showed that implementation science can contribute to more complete and rigorous assessment of school health policy implementation processes, which can improve implementation strategies and ultimately the intended health benefits.

Long-Term Evaluation of a Course on Evidence-Based Public Health in the U.S. and Europe

The evidence-based public health course equips public health professionals with skills and tools for applying evidence-based frameworks and processes in public health practice. To date, training has included participants from all the 50 U.S. states, 2 U.S. territories, and multiple other countries besides the U.S. This study pooled follow-up efforts (5 surveys, with 723 course participants, 2005-2019) to explore the benefits, application, and barriers to applying the evidence-based public health course content.

Cross-Sectional Comparison of Physical Activity during COVID-19 in a Sample of Rural and Non-Rural Participants in the US (Links to an external site)

The purpose of this study was to determine COVID-19’s impact on PA in rural and non-rural residents. Rural participants had a significantly higher body mass index, lower income, and a lower educational attainment. Conversely, non-rural participants reported more barriers to PA. There was no difference in the perception of COVID-19’s impact on PA, specifically; however, […]

Student Spotlight: Julia Liu

Hometown: Portland, Oregon Undergraduate school and major/minor: Triple Major in Health Sciences, Community Development, and Social Science in International Economics. Minor in Psychology and Chemistry Program at Brown: MPH Graduation date: May 2021 Three things you have with you at all times: Hydroflask, Hand sanitizer, and Allegra-D What are your hobbies or activities when you […]

Age-friendly cities, knowledge and urban restructuring (Links to an external site)

Age-friendly cities and communities have emerged as a significant policy, participative and governance response to aging and its spatial effects. This paper argues that it has important benefits in mobilizing older people, placing age on the urban agenda and building recognition across politicians, policy makers and program managers.

PACT webinar 5/18

The PACT Study team is hosting a partner engagement webinar, Building and Sustaining Productive Partnerships during COVID-19 and Beyond, on Tuesday, May 18 from 11:00am – 12:30pm Central Time. This webinar will be led by Martha Fedorowicz and Isabella Remor of the Research to Action Lab at the Urban Institute. Please see the attached flyer […]

Student Spotlight: Sarah Kang

Hometown: Los Angeles, CA Undergraduate University and Major: Wesleyan University – Double major in Molecular Biology & Biochemistry, Science in Society Program Minor in East Asian Studies Anticipated Graduation Date: May 2021 Three things you have with you at all times: Phone, Keys, Costco Membership card What are your hobbies or activities when you aren’t […]

Implementation Science and Health Equity in The Source (Links to an external site)

With an intentional focus on health equity from funders, researchers, practitioners, advocates, evaluators and policy makers, the authors argue, the United States can harvest the rewards of the resources being invested in health-related research to eliminate avoidable disparities, resulting in greater health equity.

Built environment in programs to promote physical activity among Latino children and youth living in the United States and in Latin America (Links to an external site)

This paper aims to advance the research agenda of BE and PA for obesity prevention in Latin America and among Latino youth in the United States by (1) identifying environmental indicators to inform the design of interventions and policy, (2) identifying interdisciplinary methodological approaches for the study of the complex association between BE and PA, and (3) presenting case studies of PA-promoting BE programs.

Student Spotlight: Bill Effah

“I realized the problem was in the community and that there was a disconnect between clinical medicine and the determinants of health in the communities I worked in.”

Ebuwa ‘Ria Evbuoma accepted into the 2021 Clinton Global Initiative University

Ebuwa’s initiative works to improve health and education outcomes of child farmworkers in Illinois using a systematic review and mixed methods research. They aim to increase knowledge about the impact of agricultural hazards, find access to healthcare, ensure equitable pay, and see that the educational rights of the child workers are adhered to.

Evaluation of a multidisciplinary lipid clinic to improve the care of individuals with severe lipid conditions: a RE-AIM framework analysis (Links to an external site)

Completed a program evaluation of the first year of a newly implemented MDLC utilizing the RE-AIM (reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance) framework. Despite limited reach and adoption of the MDLC, a large intervention effect included improved diagnosis, increased prescribing of guideline-recommended treatments, and clinically significant reduction of lipid levels.

Development of a Health Information Technology Tool for Behavior Change to Address Obesity and Prevent Chronic Disease Among Adolescents: Designing for Dissemination and Sustainment Using the ORBIT Model (Links to an external site)

The ORBIT model stands for Obesity-Related Behavioral Intervention Trials. This article reports the application of the ORBIT model to (1) describe the characteristics and design of a novel HIT tool (the PREVENT tool) using behavioral theory, (2) illustrate the use of stakeholder-centered “designing for dissemination and sustainability” principles, and (3) discuss the practical implications and directions for future research.

Staff Spotlight: Maggie Padek Kalman

As an undergraduate, Maggie Padek majored in history and considered going to law school. But she wound up as a grad student at the Brown School, first in social work and then in public health. Her change of heart wound up being a good thing for the PRC, where she is now a center manager. […]

The Relationships Between State Health Department Practitioners’ Perceptions of Organizational Supports and Evidence-Based Decision-Making Skills (Links to an external site)

Evidence-based decision making (EBDM) allows public health practitioners to implement effective programs and policies fitting the preferences of their communities. To engage in EBDM, practitioners must have skills themselves, their agencies must engage in administrative evidence-based practices (A-EBPs), and leaders must encourage the use of EBDM. This longitudinal study to quantifies perceptions of individual EBDM skills and A-EBPs, as well as the longitudinal associations between the two.