Abstract Purpose and objectives: Multisector collaboration is a widely promoted strategy to increase equitable availability, access, and use of healthy foods, safe places for physical activity, social supports, and preventive health care services. Yet fewer studies and resources exist for collaboration among governmental and nongovernmental agencies to address public problems in rural areas, despite an excess […]
PRC Researchers Explored Parent Perception of Children’s Physical Activity and Screen Time During COVID-19 Stay-at-home Orders in Featured Study. (Links to an external site)
Objective: In this study, we explore parent perception of children’s physical activity and screen time during COVID-19 stay-at-home orders. Methods: We interviewed 16 parents of children ages 5-12 years in the St. Louis, Missouri region using snowball sampling. We sampled from rural, urban, and suburban areas. The interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using a priori and emergent codes. […]
Recent Study by PRC Researchers Captures Perceptions of Covid-19 mitigations’ efficacy (Links to an external site)
This study captures the perceptions of COVID-19 mitigations’ efficacy of rural and non-rural participants, using the health belief model (HBM), and describes where public health nursing may be able to fill behavior gaps in rural communities.
Examining schools’ lack of response to food insecurity (Links to an external site)
As schools across the United States have moved to online learning or hybrid models due to the COVID-19 pandemic, a new study from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis investigates the responses of child nutrition administrative agencies.
Use and awareness of the community guide in state and local health department chronic disease programs (Links to an external site)
Since most deaths in the United States are due to chronic disease, evidence-based interventions are available to prevent or lessen disease burden.
New Text by Eyler Focuses on Public Health Research Skills
“After teaching our Research Methods course for ten years without an adequate public health-focused textbook, I decided to write one,” said Amy Eyler, associate professor at the Brown School and co-director of the Prevention Research Center.
The textbook, Research Methods for Public Health (Springer, 2020), fills a gap in methods texts to focus on skills that are particularly needed for graduate students in public health in areas such as epidemiology and biostatistics.
Learn more about all our Brown School authors: https://bit.ly/3lUe63T
Looking beyond the lamppost: population-level primary prevention of breast cancer (Links to an external site)
Insufficient attention has been paid to the primary prevention of breast cancer in state and national cancer plans, limiting the impact of evidence-based interventions on population health. This commentary highlights the state of primary prevention of breast cancer and gaps in the current literature.
Californians Linking Action with Science for Prevention of Breast Cancer (CLASP-BC)-Phase 2 (Links to an external site)
Californians Linking Action with Science for Prevention of Breast Cancer (CLASP-BC) is part of California Breast Cancer Research Program’s (CBCRP) Initiative strategic priority to disseminate and implement high-impact, population-based primary prevention interventions. In its second phase, CLASP-BC will fund multi-sector, multi-jurisdictional initiatives that integrate the lessons learned from science with the lessons learned from practice and policy to reduce the risk of developing breast cancer.
Making the case for ‘physical activity security’: the 2020 WHO guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour from a Global South perspective (Links to an external site)
Using a health-equity lens demands us to elevate the discussion for physical activity above health, and frame it as a basic human right that is central to sustainable development.
Food insecurity and schools during the pandemic (Links to an external site)
The coronavirus pandemic has brought a number of challenges to schools, which were forced to close in the spring to help slow the spread of infection. One major challenge for schools was ensuring that students’ nutritional supplementation needs were met when they were not attending school in person. As schools across the country begin to […]
Significant proportion of mothers are unaware of their children’s height and weight
A significant proportion of mothers are unaware of their children’s height and weight—which has implications for early detection of childhood obesity. Researchers utilized data from 230 mothers in the St. Louis area of containing baseline self-reported and measured heights and weights of mothers and children who were enrolled in ‘Healthy Eating and Active Living Taught […]
Researchers find unique complexities between geographic food access and food insecurity across urbanicity levels
Food insecurity is a public health issue that affects 12% of Americans. Individuals living in food insecure households are more likely to suffer from conditions such as undernutrition, obesity and chronic diseases. Food insecurity has been linked to limited geographic access to food; however, past studies have used limited measures of access which do not […]
Pilot test of a workplace obesity intervention shows potential for dissemination and sustainability
Healthy eating and activity are important to prevent obesity and chronic diseases, yet those who are most likely to bear a disproportionate burden have limited access to resources that promote healthy eating and activity, especially in the workplace. Thus, there is a need for workplace programs that promote healthy eating and activity that reach low-wage […]
Mentored training is an essential approach to build capacity in D&I research
Dissemination and implementation science aims to address the research-to-practice gap by 1) identifying and understanding barriers and facilitators that influence evidence based interventions and 2) developing strategies to enhance adoption of evidence-based interventions. D&I is an important consideration in enhancing the uptake of evidence-based practices and, as such, so is strengthening researcher’s understanding and proficiency […]
Substantive issues must be addressed in order to advance implementation mechanism research
Implementation science seeks to close the gap between what we do and what we know by identifying and addressing the barriers that prevent uptake of evidence-based practices. An intervention that is guided by evidence-based implementation strategies is more likely to produce desired results because proper implementation is a key component of an intervention’s success. These […]
The Disparate Impact of COVID-19 in St. Louis
“The smoldering disparities that we’ve allowed to persist for decades are bursting into flames. If the human toll of those disparities isn’t enough to motivate us, remember that this is an infectious disease, so that fire will spread.” In episode 1 of a 5 part series on Medium, PRC’s Karishma Furtado and Alex Morshed discuss […]
Practitioner perspective: Building capacity for evidence-based public health involves the use of administrative evidence-based practices
A majority of deaths in the US are attributable to chronic diseases like cardiovascular disease and diabetes and public health systems across the world have been tasked with intervening at the population level to reduce this burden. State health departments are increasingly utilizing evidence-based public health (EBPH) as an important tool to meet population health […]
Parents in highly disadvantaged neighborhoods more likely to restrict children’s play
Today’s parents are restricting their children’s outdoor play, but children in highly disadvantaged neighborhoods face more restrictions, our new research finds. “Being physically active and playing outdoors is essential for adolescent development,” writes the study’s lead author, Dr. Maura Kepper, research assistant professor at the PRC. “Policy and environment change that improves neighborhood conditions may […]
Public and private places contribute to PA among Mexican adults
Understanding the contribution of public- and restricted-access places to overall and domain-specific physical activity among Mexican adults: A cross-sectional study. Understanding the contribution of public- and restricted-access places to overall and domain-specific physical activity among Mexican adults: A cross-sectional study.Jáuregui A, Salvo D, Medina C, Barquera S, Hammond D.PLoS One. 2020 Feb 7;15(2):e0228491. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0228491. […]
Evidence-Based Public Health Provided Through Local Health Departments: Importance of Academic-Practice Partnerships
Erwin PC, Parks RG, Mazzucca S, Allen P, Baker EA, Hu H, Davis-Joyce J, Brownson RC. Evidence-Based Public Health Provided Through Local Health Departments: Importance of Academic-Practice Partnerships. Am J Public Health. 2019 May;109(5):739-747. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2019.304958. Epub 2019 Mar 21. PubMed [citation] PMID: 30896995